保育教育 Childcare, 实践活动 - 感受国粹,京剧探秘 Exploring Chinese Opera

[2017-06-10]

       颜色单元是小朋友们最喜欢的单元之一,通过两周的时间,探究体验不同颜色的奥秘,小朋友们知道了不同的颜色可以代表不同的心情,表达四季的变化……颜色还可以表达什么意义呢?颜色又会传递给我们什么信息呢?它在京剧脸谱中是不是也有不同的含义呢? 带着这些问题,整合家长的资源,我们邀请到一位川剧变脸艺术家,和两位京剧表演家来到幼儿园为小朋友们讲解脸谱颜色的意义,并为小朋友带来了精彩的京剧表演,还让小朋友体验了画脸谱。通过体验式的课程,不仅让小朋友们和老师们零距离的接触国粹艺术,欣赏其美丽的服饰和道具,了解京剧艺术的表演特点,领略到了国粹艺术的独特魅力,感受了高雅艺术的熏陶,还学到了很多专业的小知识。如:京剧颜色的意义:红色的脸谱象征忠义、耿直、有血性;黑色的脸谱既表现性格严肃,不苟言笑,为中性,代表猛智;白色表现奸诈多疑,含贬义,代表凶诈;蓝色表现性格刚直,桀骜不驯;紫色表现肃穆、稳重,富有正义感;金色象征威武庄严,表现神仙一类角色;绿色代表勇猛,莽撞;黄色一般表现性格猛烈。解到这么多关于颜色的知识,小朋友们的学习兴趣更加浓郁了,他们又要进入新的探究路径——颜色的变化,期待我们的小探究者们能发现更多颜色的秘密!

The color unit is a really fun unit for K1 students! Within the first couple weeks, K1 students have learned so much about color and how it can be expressed; such as, through emotions, seasons, etc. But that’s not all, teachers continue to ask questions to deeper the students’ knowledge; do colors convey other meanings? Does it have a different meaning in a Chinese Opera Mask?With the help from parents, the students were able to see the Chinese opera performances and answer these questions. The performer performed different dances with different masks. He also allowed for a few students to change his mask.The children were able to learn more about colors and Chinese history through the performance! For example, red face means loyalty, integrity, courage, and uprightness. Black mask expresses seriousness in both speech and manner. White performance represents suspicious, and derogatory. It was a pleasure to see these performances and deepen our knowledge of color.

234